Eastern Hercules beetle, (Dynastes tityus), a large, easily recognized insect of the Dynastinae subfamily of the beetle family Scarabaeidae (order Coleoptera). Habitat. The larva of D. hercules, like many of its beetle relatives, takes up residence in decaying wood. Males have large horns which are usually about 1/3 of the body length. Males use the horns to fight with other males as they compete for mating. The larvae feed on rotten material (logs, stumps, dead leaves and rotten fruit). The beetle can be an earthy yellow color, or it may appear almost completely black, depending on how wet the beetle is. The Hercules beetle is the largest and most well known of all of the rhinoceros beetles, a group of large beetles that are closely related to the famous scarab beetle. Both genders are a creamy, yellowish color with black dots that look like droplets. In the United States, Dynastes beetles are generally uncommon, although the beautiful, black-spotted eastern Hercules beetles, Dynastes tityus, is occasionally found in large colonies on trees. Except, a butterfly spins a cocoon out of silk. They can fly, but they usually stay on the ground, where they forage for food. Some ladybug beetle live on plants and other can be found in the dark, moist places under logs, leaves, and rock. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX. The eastern Hercules beetle is closely related to the rhinoceros and elephant beetles. The coloraton of the beetles is variable, but females are typically brownish black and males typically have black heads and black, brown or green bodies. It has been recorded as far north as Illinois and New York state. The eastern Hercules beetle is closely related to the rhinoceros and elephant beetles. Slightly smaller than the Hercules Beetle, the Eastern Hercules Beetle is native to the Eastern parts of North America. News . The larvae reside in decaying wood which is provided from fallen trees. On some, the horns are longer than the rest of the body. login or register to post comments. The western hercules beetle, Dynastes granti, is found in Arizona and Utah and Dynastes hyllus is found in Mexico, as far north as the state of Tamaulipas. Hard to find, yet easy to stumble across. The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. Deforestation and pollution (both air and water) has affected much of the Hercules beetle’s natural habitat. The larvae pupate in late summer. Habitat of the Rhinoceros The preferred habitat varies depending on the species, but range from savannas, grassland plains, wetlands , and dense forests in tropical regions. The Hercules beetle can be found from southern Mexico south to Bolivia, and in the Lesser Antilles (Ratcliffe 2003, Ratcliffe and Cave 2006). Species Dynastes grantii - Grant's Hercules Beetle. ... Dynastes tityus - Eastern Hercules Beetle. Hercules beetles inhabit the understory of montane and tropical rainforests. Female beetles lay eggs in the soil when they are active during warm months. Eastern Hercules Beetle (Male) The eastern Hercules beetle (Dynastes tityus) is huge and strong. Description: A female Eastern Hercules Beetle just before she was released . Due to the sheer size of the larva, which can grow to longer than 15 cm and weigh up to 140 grams, the forest must provide fallen trees of adequate girth. The larvae eat rotting heartwood, usually of deciduous trees, and the adults eat rotting fruits and tree sap. Are Beetles Insects? But if you do, don’t be surprised by this large prehistoric looking, yet harmless beetle. The beetle builds a pupal chamber out of its own feces and, in it, transforms. The eastern hercules beetle is one of the largest insects in the United States. Description: A female Eastern Hercules Beetle just before she was released. They are about 2 to 3 inches long in length including the horns of the males. The eastern Hercules beetle (Dynastes tityus) was featured on a United States postal stamp in October 1999. All about beetles. Contributions to the coleopterology of the United States. The fallen leaves and logs allow the massive beetle to hide and avoid predators during the day. The hercules beetle inhabits montane and tropical rainforests. Bart Drees. Males have large horns which are usually about 1/3 of the body length. Habitat, Diet, and Behaviour. Despite their immense size and heft, they can fly very well. The eggs hatch and the larvae live underground from six months to one year during which time they grow, molt and pupate underground. 15. We haven’t received an image of this species since our site migration in September, and we are guessing this is not a recent photo as sightings generally occur during the summer months. Hercules beetles also go through metamorphosis, like a butterfly. Eastern Hercules Beetle. Hornlike structures on the thorax (region behind the head) and on the head of the male (usually lacking in the females) make it conspicuous. Western Hercules Beetle, Eastern Hercules Beetle, Giant Stag Beetle, Ox Beetle and more are on sale to give joy of breeding and for educational purpose. Geographical Distribution and Habitat Hercules Beetles are mainly found in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Print References . They live in gardens, grain fields, lakes, and ponds. Healthy Eastern Hercules beetles can be expected to live 1.5-2 years. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers, InsectIdentification.org's YouTube Channel. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles.It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. Hercules Beetles, Genus Dynastes. Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States. Males use the horns to fight with other males as they compete for mating. It totally depends on the different species of the beetles. The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. It is the longest extant species of beetle in the world, and is also one of the largest flying insects in the world. The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the Eastern Hercules Beetle may be found (but is not limited to). Relationships: Larvae are raised in the heartwood of hardwoods. Eastern Hercules Beetles are not considered pests. Beetles are a group of insects from the … The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) has the longest length of any living beetle species. Although very strong, Hercules beetle has a lot of predators. The grub wends its way through the rotting log, devouring pulp and eventually reaching elephantine proportions. These beetles are consumed by some people who believe in the superstition that eating the horns of male beetles makes one stronger. Eastern Hercules Beetles are the heaviest of all North American beetles (BugGuide). The larva of D. hercules, like many of its beetle relatives, takes up residence in decaying wood. Eastern hercules beetles are inextricably entertwined with dead wood. They are rare to find, unless you are searching the woods or garden ground in the middle of the night. The eastern hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, can be found in the eastern half of the U.S. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. The grubs feed on decaying wood from various trees. These large beetles can be found across the southern U.S. from Florida to Texas. There are 13 known species of Hercules beetles. As an adult, male Hercules beetles can stretch up to seven inches long including their horns. The Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is a species of rhinoceros beetle native to the rainforests of Central America, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. The Hercules beetle is one of the largest species of beetle in the world, and is natively found in the jungles of South America. Beetles can be found almost all over the world. Habitat and conservation: There has been some concern about the conservation status of this, one of the most spectacular beetles in North America, especially since there's been a well-documented decline of a closely related species in Europe. The females lay their eggs into rotting wood, and after a few months it hatches, releasing a grub which will grow to finger size. Rhinoceros beetles are found on every continent except Antarctica. Check out fascinating Beetles specimens of United States. The Hercules beetle inhabits lowland and mountain rainforests. A 2017 U.S. study provided details about the habitat and other needs for this beetle's reproduction and development. “The Hercules beetle, Dynastes Hercules [sic] L., can change the colour of its elytra—horny fore-wings—from black to greenish yellow and back again to black all within a few minutes. At worst, the larvae may eat rotten wooden fence posts. Subscribe to InsectIdentification.org's YouTube Channel This massive beetle can be found in hardwood forests in the eastern United States. Contributed by Cotinis on 29 June, 2004 - 3:43pm Last updated 10 August, 2017 - 12:17am. Hercules beetles inhabit the understory of montane and tropical rainforests. The western hercules beetle, Dynastes granti, is found in Arizona and Utah and Dynastes hyllusis found in Mexico, as far north as the state of Tamaulipas. 13. They also hide in rotting tree trunks or stumps. The life span of the rhino beetle is not exact as it can vary depending on its habitat Does the Rhino beetle have wings? Patterns of dark spots on the elytra (wing coverings) vary per individual. On some, the horns are longer than the rest of the body. A few weeks after pupation, the adult beetles emerge. In the United States, they live in the south from Arizona northeast to Nebraska and eastward. You might like. Their overall color can darken when they are fully hydrated and fed. Western Hercules Beetle – Dynastes grantii It does this in a way previously unknown among insects. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States. Dynastes tityus, the eastern Hercules beetle, is a species of rhinoceros beetle that lives in the Eastern United States. The eastern hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, can be found in the eastern half of the U.S. Eastern Hercules Beetle female. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CritterFiles/casefile/insects/beetles/hercules/hercules.htm#cycle, Eastern Hercules Beetle larvaeAaron Goodwin Tulsa Zoo. It also depends on the habitat. Hercules beetles can be found in Central and South America. As their name suggests, the Eastern Hercules Beetles are found in the eastern parts of the US, their western limit being in Texas. These very large beetles are in the genus Dynastes, which is found throughout the Americas.Tropical species are among the largest insects in the world. Leaf litter, plants, and fallen logs provide a safe hideout for rhinoceros beetles during the day. The adult beetles are generally nocturnal or crepuscular (active at twilight). Eastern Hercules Beetle’s are not to be feared, with the larvae eating rotten wood and the adults feeding on decomposing and rotten fruit that has fallen to the ground. 2008, Dutrillaux and Dutrillaux 2013). The Hercules beetle is the largest and most well known of all of the rhinoceros beetles, a group of large beetles that are closely related to the famous scarab beetle. Eastern Hercules beetles are found in all of the eastern United States and as far west as Texas. … They feed on rotting wood and other decaying plant material. Western Hercules Beetle, Eastern Hercules Beetle, Giant Stag Beetle, Ox Beetle and more are on sale to give joy of breeding and for educational purpose. It has been recorded as far north as Illinois and New York state. Common Name: Eastern Hercules beetle;Elephant beetle or ox beetle Scientific Name: Dynastes tityus (Linneaus) (top); Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus) (bottom) Order: Coleoptera. Adults are seen hiding in the vegetation and the forest floor under moist leaf-litter. The green coloration with black spots is distinctive. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences. Horn, G.H. The Japanese rhinoceros beetle (Allomyrina dichotoma) is used as sport in Japan. X. Both their horns are approximately of the same size, with the … The different species of the beetles found in the different habitats. 1870. Description: Beetles are about 1-½ to 2-½ inches long and colored yellowish or greenish-gray with brown to black spots, rarely are they reddish- brown. The larvae are large, white, C-shaped grubs. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Hercules beetles are found in tropical jungles and rainforests, where they burrow into the ground as larvae, and push through the leaf-litter as adults. Males have two forward-pointing horns used for battling other males for the best breeding sites. The eastern Hercules beetle is about 62 mm (2.4 inches) in length and is found in northern temperate regions. After mating, the females then burrow into the ground and lay eggs. Hurry up and meet the Beetles of your dream! My son and some of his friends show a beetle we found. 14. This massive beetle can be found in hardwood forests in the eastern United States. Image Credit: Angie and Christian taken in AL, Image Credit: Angie F. from Nashville, GA, Image Credit: Steve A. from Charlotte, NC, Updated: 9/25/2020; Show options. They emerge in the summer and live above ground for 3-6 months. Flake Soil for Hercules/Ox/Stag beetle larvae. Your Order. Beetle Jelly (20 Counts) From $9.00. Hercules beetles are harmless though they look dangerous owing to their size and horns. They have been observed feeding on the bark and sap of ash trees and on rotten fruit. Apart from the reversible migrations of pigment granules in the iris cells, physiological or rapidly reversible colour changes are very rare in insects. Two of them are placed on the log, and the winner knocks the loser off the log. Many have dark colored spots on the elytra. Recorded on June 14, 2010 using a Flip Video camcorder. Records: There are 107 records in the project database. The eastern hercules beetle is one of the largest insects in the United States. The larvae live in wood from fallen trees. Hurry up and meet the Beetles of your dream! 1998. Jump down to: Beneficial, Background • Physical description • Head, eyes, mouth, brain • Senses • Thorax, Legs, Wings • Abdomen, Respiration • Life cycle, Larvae, Pupae, Diapause, Lifespan • Habitat, Foods, Predators, Defenses Take a good look at the photo above—is it any wonder beetles have captured the imagination of people since ancient times? Habitat. Adults emerge from the pupal stage, but stay underground during the winter. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CritterFiles/casefile/insects/beetles/hercules/hercules.htm#cycle. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 3: 69-97. Continue shopping. HABITAT AND ACTIVITY. This video shows how you can raise the Eastern Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus, at home. A Field Guide to Common Texas Insects. This sort of data can be useful in seeing concentrations of a particular species over the continent as well as revealing possible migratory patterns over a species' given lifespan. They can be found in large numbers in the jungles of Costa Rica, Brazil, and Bolivia. As members of the Rhinoceros beetle family, males have two horn-like pincers on their head, while females lack them. Males use their horns as they fight to determine which will mate with the female. Despite their immense size and heft, they can fly very well. After the adults emerge, the females release a pheromone that attracts males for mating. Common Name: Eastern Hercules beetle;Elephant beetle or ox beetle Scientific Name: Dynastes tityus (Linneaus) (top); Strategus aloeus (Linnaeus) (bottom) Order: Coleoptera Description: Beetles are about 1-½ to 2-½ inches long and colored yellowish or greenish-gray with brown to black spots, rarely are they reddish- brown. You have no items in your cart. Populations of Dynastes hercules can be found in pockets of montane and lowland rainforest in Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru (Figure 4) (Rassart et al. The Callosobruchus Maculatus can live up to 10 – 14 days whereas Eastern Hercules beetles can live up to 3 – 6 months. These large beetles can be found across the southern U.S. from Florida to Texas. http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CritterFiles/casefile/insects/beetles/hercules/hercules.htm#cycle. Skip to content. The grubs reside in rotting wood like the one pictured above, whereas the adults will live throughout the forest feeding on sap and fruit. Where to find: Often come into lights. Western Hercules Beetles are a horned Scarab Beetle found most commonly in Arizona and the surrounding arid U.S. and Mexican states. The males can reach a length of 7 inches. The males can reach a length of 7 inches. Hornlike structures on the thorax (region behind the head) and on the head of the male (usually lacking in the females) make it conspicuous. Drees, B. and J. Jackman. Instead of tropical species, these beetles have adapted to deciduous trees in more temperate regions. They produce large rectangular fecal pellets about .4 inches long. They live in tropical rainforests, hidden in rotten tree trunks. Female Eastern Hercules Beetle (B. Wallin, 2003) The only Hercules beetle species in Kentucky is the Eastern Hercules Beetle , Dynastes tityus , which is the largest beetle in this part of the country. Adults remain underground until spring. Dear Daddy, Caleb and Isaac, This is a male Eastern Hercules Beetle, Dynastes tityus, and it is indeed one of the Rhinoceros Beetles. They are likely used in battle with other males over territory. There are several subspecies some of which are colored differently. The adult's elytra are green, gray or tan, with black markings, and the whole animal, including the male's horns, may reach 60 mm (2.4 in) in length. 16. Some are also found in the southernmost portion of Mexico. 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