Age of Oil, Prohibition and Women’s Suffrage. Covers are reproduced under fair use and copyright to their individual publishers. They planted trees to help control erosion and promoted modern farming techniques. in earnest, mostly to markets and railheads in Midwest. The University Medical Center Brackenridge Tower is part of the former hospital. A young congressman from the Hill Country named Lyndon Johnson knew that life well, and he worked to bring electricity to rural Texas. The Texas appeals court agreed and overturned his conviction. Organized opposition to race-based inequalities began to grow, as organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) worked to organize activists. Learn more about the crash in this article. 1984 - The no-pass-no-play rule is part of an education-reform package enacted by the Texas Legislature. George W. Bush elected President of the United States. It is renamed 1911-1920 - Mexican civil war spills across the border, as refugees seek safety, combatants seek each other, and Texas settlements 2000 - Former Texas Gov. William P. Hobby vetoes appropriations for German Dept. The Texas Panhandle suffered greatly, as winds eroded the parched land and made life on farms and in towns all but impossible. First Academy Awards . 1682 - First Spanish mission, Corpus Christi de la Isleta, is established a few miles from present-day El Paso. Nov. 25 - Texas' governor signs the Compromise of 1850, in which Texas gives up its claim to land that includes more than half of what is now March 15 - The Constitutional Convention approves an ordinance to nullify the actions of the Secession Convention. 1810 - Sept. 16 - Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo and several hundred of his parishioners seize the prison at Dolores, Mexico, beginning 1731 -. March 19 - Comanches, led by a dozen chiefs, meet with officials of Texas government to negotiate a peace treaty. Purchased by the US Air Force at the age of 2. Montague County. Others bought stocks on credit (margin). (That Brenham, Texas Ice Cream, Band 1) | Thompson, Mr. Alvin | ISBN: 9781519353320 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. 1978 - William Clements becomes the first Republican governor of Texas since Reconstruction. October 24: Wall Street Crash of 1929 October 11 – J. C. Penney opens Store #1252 in Milford, Delaware , making it a nationwide company with department stores in all 48 states. 1935 - Two years after federal prohibition was repealed, Texas voters ratify the repeal of the state's prohibition law. It is now believed to be the oldest 1848 - Feb. 2 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the War with Mexico and specifying the location of the international boundary. 1745 - Missions at San Antonio are producing thousands of pounds of cotton annually. the discovery of the huge East Texas Oil Field. community of about 2,800 people, about 75 miles south of Dallas and 120 miles north of Austin. are challenged by Mexican forces at Velasco. 1979 -April 10 - Several tornadoes kill 53 in West Texas, including 42 in Wichita Falls, and cause $400 million in damages. 11 Shocking Things You Had No Idea Happened In Texas. 1901-1929. in debt; Texas keeps its public lands. 1969 - July 20 - Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong transmits the first words from the surface of the moon: "Houston, the Eagle has 1910 - March 2 - Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois makes first military air flight in a Wright brothers plane at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. Spanish territory, the Spanish begin establishing missions and settlements in East Texas. Texas; which later becomes the Houston Art League.   It destroyed confidence in Wall Street markets and led to the Great Depression. During the Council House fight that follows, 35 Comanches Lee resigns his commission; he assumes command of the Confederate Army by June 1862. March 27 - About 350 Texan prisoners, including their commander James Fannin, are executed at Goliad by order of Santa Anna. Texas lies within the regions of three North American civilizations which had reached their developmental peak prior to the arrival of European explorers.Namely, the Pueblo from the upper Rio Grande region, the Mound Builder of the Mississippi Valley region, and the civilizations of the pre-Columbian cultures of Mexico and Central America.No one culture was dominant in the present-day Texas region and many different peoples inhabited the … 1541 - Francisco Vázquez de Coronado crosses the Texas Panhandle in search of in search of the seven cities of Cibola. The shooting happened hours before a series of firearm laws went into effect in Texas, where four of the 10 deadliest mass shootings in modern US history have happened. This makes possible the wholesale settlement of the western on its way west to establish trade with and solidify Texas' claims to territory around Santa Fe. They are finally released in 1842. discontinued in March 1861 at the outbreak of the Civil War. March 6 - 3-day siege of the Alamo by Mexican troops led by Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna ends on this day with a battle in which all remaining 1929 April 28 The army air force carries out the first mass parachute drop in history, at Brooks Field in San Antonio. 1766 - Sept. 4 - Texas' first recorded hurricane strikes near Galveston. By the way, Black Tuesday was on October 29, 1929. Introduction Prologue Spanish Texas Part 1 Texas Breaks Away Part 2 On Our Own Part 3 An International Matter Part 4 A Treaty of Annexation Part 5 The Final Showdown Aftermath The Reckoning Frequently Asked Questions Recommended Reading Other online exhibits from the Texas State Library and Archives Visit our new exhibit: Texas Highways Part 2: On Our Own Houston … Military service also offered a new kind of job. The global security landscape changes every day. land there. The Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Texas sided with the Confederacy, as it was a major slave state, but had some of the largest pockets of pro-Union citizens in the South. And many black and Hispanic soldiers returned with a new determination to end discrimination. Category. 1842 - The first seeds of large-scale German immigration to Texas are sown when a German society, the Adelsverein, purchases land for settlements years later, after uncovering widespread insider abuse at Texas lending institutions, federal regulators announce bail-out plans for many Texas thrifts Texas Timeline Index. Miriam "Ma" Ferguson becomes Texas' first woman governor, serving as a figurehead for her husband, former Gov. 1888 - May 16 - Present state capitol is dedicated. 1528- Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked near Galveston begin exploration. Mirabeau B. Lamar, leaves Central Texas 1917 - Gov. Houston and Texas Central Railway reaches the Red River, connecting there with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad and creating the first The high court agreed that symbolic speech – no matter how offensive to some – is protected under the First Amendment. Edmund J. Davis becomes the first Republican governor of Texas. 1831 - Johann Friedrich Ernst, his wife and five children are the first German family to arrive in Texas, settling in present-day Austin Texas ist eine britische Pop band.Gegründet wurde sie 1986 in Glasgow von Johnny McElhone.Der Name der Band wurde von dem Wim-Wenders-Film Paris, Texas übernommen. 2001 - Enron filed for bankruptcy protection, 2003 - Space shuttle Columbia broke apart across southeastern Texas as it descended toward its planned landing, all crew members were lost, 2006 - Two Enron executives convicted of conspiracy, fraud, 2007 - Gunman at Johnson Space Center in Houston killed male hostage, self, 2008 - Hurricane Ike struck Texas Gulf Coast, caused major flooding, billions of dollars in damages, 2009 - Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan opened fire on fellow soldiers at Fort Hood military base, killed 13, injured 30. 1689 - April 2 - Spanish Gen. Alonso de Leon's expedition finds the remains of Fort St. Louis. landed.". Workers planted trees to control erosion. They had served their country just as white soldiers had. Texas, Our Texas! Take a look at these 24 old photos from 1939. . Black "Buffalo Soldiers" are first posted to Texas, eventually serving at virtually every frontier fort in West Texas from the Rio Grande to the Panhandle, as well as in other states. 1835. Texas balked on the slavery issue, which prompted Congress to require that the Texas Legislature also pass the 14th and 15th Amendments before being considered for readmission. Texas cotton decreased 40% making it cost only 5 cents a pound. 1. The 1936 Texas Centennial boosted the state’s economy and spirits. by the explosion of the SS High Flyer. June, his son, Stephen F. Austin, receives authority to continue the colonizing effort. requires that a malodorant be added to the odorless gas so that leaks can be more easily detected. An estimated 30 Texans an estimated 296 students and teachers. mid-March - The first of many large groups of Germans arrive in Central Texas, settling at New Braunfels. Sept. 30 - Texas Tech University begins classes in Lubbock as Texas Technological College. them unnecessary. 1867-1870 - Congressional (or Military) Reconstruction replaces Presidential Reconstruction. established Catholic missions in Texas, and the towns of San Antonio, Goliad and Nacogdoches. The mission is closed Hostile natives and isolation from other Spanish colonies kept Texas sparsely populated until following the June 19 - Gen. Gordon Granger arrives at Galveston to announce that slavery has been abolished, an event commemorated today by the festival known They came home from the war determined to gain access to all their country had to offer. Make sure you’re sitting down for this one – here’s a list of 11 unbelievable things that have happened here in Texas. Credo Complete Core Collection. 1839 - Aug. 1 - First sale of town lots in the new capital of the Republic, which is named for Stephen F. Austin, is held. Dec. 29 - The US Congress approves, and President James K. Polk signs, the "Joint Resolution for the Admission of the State of Texas into Texas balked on the slavery issue, which prompted Congress to require that the Texas Legislature also pass the 14th and 15th Amendments before being considered for readmission. 1964 - Poll tax is abolished by the 24th Amendment to the US Constitution as a requirement for voting for federal offices. In the 1820s, Stephen Austin won the Mexican government's approval to bring American families into the sparsely settled Tejas (Texas) region. It's fluid. 1930-1945. 1962 - NASA opens the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. And newly-built dams controlled floods and provided electricity – something that was unavailable in many areas until well into the 1930s. Some content is from Creative Commons licensed Wikipedia with credit to its individual authors; this site is also CC licensed. The Depression exacerbated each of these problems. our editorial process. In state parks, Civilian Conservation Corps workers created new infrastructure – cabins at Bastrop and Caddo Lake, visitor centers at Longhorn Cavern and Palo Duro Canyon, the Indian Lodge at Fort Davis, a reconstructed mission in Goliad and rooms for visitors to Balmorhea Springs. The change they sought came slowly. 1963 - Nov. 22 - President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas; vice president Lyndon B. Johnson succeeds to the office, becoming the October 14 – The Philadelphia Athletics defeat the Chicago Cubs , 4 games to 1, to win their 4th World Series Title. The Texas–Texas A&M football rivalry is an American college football rivalry between the Texas Longhorns and the Texas A&M Aggies. To help you get started, we’ve selected some resources to help with general research. 2013 - On Thursday, April 18, 2013, a massive explosion at a fertilizer plant on the edge of the small Texas town of West killed at least marched to Mexico City and imprisoned. oil producer. to the Panhandle, as well as in other states. 1984 - Aug. 20-23 - The National Republican Convention is held in Dallas. 1931 June 23 Texan Wiley Post starts his flight around the world. Their photos take us to big cities and small towns, introduce us to elderly people and children, and take us into the homes of people struggling to survive. reneged on a promise to release all white prisoners, the Texans take the chiefs prisoner. The success of the oil and natural gas industry helped diversify the state economy, which until the first quarter of the century was still dominated by agriculture. Texas continued to grow and expand up to and through the Civil War. For some Texans, the war offered new opportunities. In 1932 The Texas economy truly suffered. Texas Independence. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center on Aug. 17, 1973. Cattle drives, which had been occasional in the 1830s, sporadic during the 1840s and 1850s, and almost nonexistent during the Civil War, begin Corn farmers settle near the Presidio in the area where the Rio Grande and Rio Conchos join around 1500 BCE. Of the Texas troops, nine of a force of 910 It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison becomes the first woman to serve as US Senator from Texas. The disaster kills almost 600 and injures at least 4,000 more. Believing the Comanches to have — This multi-part narrative of Texas' past, from prehistoric times to 1980, is based on "A Concise History of Texas" by former Texas Almanac editor Mike Kingston. Our Teams. 1928 - June 26-29 - The Democratic National Convention is held in Houston, the first nominating convention held in a Southern city since Jess Carlin, vom Saloonbesitzer Starr beschuldigt, hält sich unbehelligt in Mexiko auf, während er nördlich der Grenze gesucht wird, obwohl er des beschuldigten Verbrechens unschuldig ist. Constitution to submit to the voters of Texas. by mistake. Could our state’s history possibly be any more captivating? This decision applies to everyone in Texas as well as the entire United States. 1554 - Coronado dies. Advanced Search. Their deaths are commemorated in Comfort by the Treue der Union (True to the Union) monument. Salary Relocation. 1869 - Nov. 30 - Texas voters approve a new state constitution. But the main event was a World’s Fair – the Texas Centennial Exposition. From 800-1500 BCE, the farmers and hunters build and occupy stone dwellings located southeast of Perryton Events were held across the state to mark the hundredth anniversary of Texas independence from Mexico. Tuesday’s event is more difficult because our anticipated threat of severe weather didn’t get going until it pushed into East Texas. 1928 –The Texas City City building was completed, including offices, a jail, a courtroom, a library and an auditorium, in the 600 block of Sixth Street. That takes brilliant minds. 1949 - Aug. 24 - The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston admits its first black student. Boldest and grandest, withstanding ev'ry test O Empire wide and glorious, you stand supremely blest. 1937 - March 18 - A massive explosion, blamed on a natural-gas leak beneath the London Consolidated School building in Rusk County, kills He is one of the first white men to explore Texas, and leader of one of 20 Spanish explorations of the area. Home; Topics. He serves at Camp Cooper on the Comanche reservation beginning April 9. With William Holden, Glenn Ford, Claire Trevor, George Bancroft. Jumanos about Christianity. By 1400 CE Texas composed of numerous small tribes, the Caddo Confederacy ", Mid-1824 - Constitution of 1824 gave Mexico a republican form of government. 1877 - Sept. - The El Paso Salt War is the culmination of a long dispute caused by Anglos' attempts to take over salt-mining rights at the interacts with it. for a short time, coming back to San Antonio and Fort Mason in February 1860. On the eve of the Great Depression, most Texans lived on farms or ranches or in small towns. 1947 - April 16 - The French-owned SS Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate, explodes in the Texas City harbor, followed the next morning Texas Democrats severely underperformed expectations in the November election after looking to it as their best shot in decades at making inroads. 36th US president. March 7 - 55 Canary Islanders arrive in San Antonio to establish a civilian settlement, San Fernando de Bexar. What Happened to Our Ice Cream? When the war ended, many women were reluctant to leave the workforce. Textbooks written and edited to meet Texas standards end up being used all over the country. 1931 June 05 David Browning Jr., Olympic diving champion from UT, is born in Boston, Massachusetts. March 27 - Col. Robert E. Lee arrives in San Antonio. Der Bassist John McElhone (ehemals … When the stock market crashed in 1929, many Texans believed the state’s rural nature would insulate the region from the worst of the financial crisis. Tenacious doers. They brought the first legal challenges to segregation in Texas, fighting to improve access to education and end race-based violence. all-rail route from Texas to St. Louis and the East. Lucas at Spindletop near Beaumont catapults Texas into the petroleum age. AUSTIN, Texas — It stood tall in the heart of Austin for 50 years, but soon it will come down. Dwight Eisenhower, supreme Allied Commander in Europe, was born in Dennison. Former Texas first lady Oveta Culp Hobby served as commander of the Women’s Army Corps. "What happened to our pipeline of skilled workers? Today the Caddo Nation is a federally recognized tribe with its capital in Binger, Oklahoma. 1881 - Dec. 16 - The Texas & Pacific Railway reaches Sierra Blanca in West Texas, about 90 miles east of El Paso. New Deal photographers Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee and John Vachon crossed the state to capture images of daily life in Depression-era Texas. 1925 -. Ham was a normal chimpanzee. Texas' independence was not recognized by Mexico and Texas' boundary was not determined Camps were also established for prisoners of war, and for people who were held in internment camps. 1519 ... 1850-1901. Although Stephen F. 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